Expertises for Field of Action 3
Prof. Juergen Howaldt: White paper for the Fild of Action „Innovative Ability and Change of Work“
You can download the white paper here (german): Howaldt_White_Paper 311kb
Prof. Juergen Howaldt: "Change of Innovation Appreciation from Industrial Society to Knowledge Society"
Central goal of the IMO project is to achieve national and international opinion leadership on Innovative Ability through continuous international monitoring, keeping Germany and Europe sustainably globally competitive. This expertise has been compiled within the Field of Action “Innovative Ability and Change of Work”. Its subject is the change of innovation appreciation from Industry to Knowledge and Service Society.
Starting point of this expertise is the thesis that the transition from industrial society to knowledge and service society entails a “Paradigm shift in the system of innovation” (Bullinger 2006, S. 14) that encompasses a change in relations between technological and social innovations. Hitherto, innovation primarily aimed at denoting the emergence of new products and methods coined and driven by science and engineering; in future, social innovations will increasingly become the main focus.
It is the task of this expertise to trace these changes within the paradigm of “Innovation” against the background of current developments in socio-scientific innovation research and to scrutinize them regarding their relevance for the innovative ability of enterprises, regions and societies. To this end, it will sketch the outlines of a new “sociologically enlightened” post-industrial innovation paradigm that recognizes social innovations as an important motor of modern societies’ innovation dynamics. Finally, it denominates the central research questions resulting from this paradigm shift, giving special attention to work research as the main context of this project.
You can download the complete expertise here (german): Expertise_Howaldt.pdf 1.1mb
Prof. Brigitte Stieler-Lorenz: "Changing demands and effects due to the Change of Work through Digitalization and Globalization – Consequences for Work Research"
This expertise focuses on the change of work load and stress in digitalized and knowledge-based work environments toward increased psycho-social strain. It shows causes and contradictory manifestations of new developments especially in the trendsetting branch “Information and Communication Technologies” as well as their consequences for employees’ health, innovative ability and employability across all of working life. This is then integrated into prognoses on staff demand in connection with demographic changes to age structures in enterprises, also beyond the ICT branch. The expertise then deduces new challenges for work research that affect both demands for increases in innovative research on the development of new viable methods of analysis for psycho-nerval stress and their consequences on health in “new work environments” and the requirements concerning the development of innovative salutogenic methods and procedures of intervention within enterprises to reduce psychological stress.
You can download the complete expertise here (german): Expertise_Stieler_Lorenz.pdf 600kb
Prof. Matthias Trier: "Conservation and Development of Skills in a Dynamically Changing Work Environment"
The change of working and living conditions interferes decidedly into individual dispositions. “Competence” has become a key term in work, employment and educational policy. The decisive factors in obtaining and preserving professional competence are on the one hand the existence of possibilities for mainly self-organized learning in the course of working and on the other a learning-inducive design of the social framework of employment.
Employment has increasingly become knowledge- and competence-based, sophisticated work depending on skills specific to the individual employee and hardly imitable by others. The gap between qualified and less qualified work with few possibilities for competence development becomes ever larger in the meantime. In the face of high instability of employment and crisis-laden life circumstances, the element of Change Competence becomes constituent for occupational and professional acting capability. The fast-paced increase of non-standard employments – contingent work, project-based employment, “new Self-employment” – generates new conditions for the competence development of such employees. These nonstandard employments are only partially qualified work with complete work processes that facilitate independent and self-dependent decisions while offering a large variance in cooperative and communicative relationships. Overall, these new employment relationships do offer opportunities, but also great risks for the development of professional competence.
You can download the complete expertise here (german): Expertise_Trier.pdf 280kb
Prof. Joachim Muench: "Mobility - An Innovation Factor?"
This expertise focuses on and explains occupational mobility as an extremely complex and differentiated phenomenon of modern industrial societies. The question whether occupational mobility is or could be an innovation factor seemingly has hitherto been asked neither in science nor in practice. At least these are the results of inquiries possible in the framework of a concise expertise. Still, there are a multitude of hints and considerations that suggest especially international mobility, always spelling „Change of Workplace, Employer and/or Institution“, to be „innovation-heavy“. This should be the case especially for target groups with scientific qualifications and sophisticated tasks (e.g. university professors and researchers). Still, as all this is rather guesswork yet, this expertise formulates research questions that should assist in shedding light on a field as of yet largely untouched.
You can download the complete expertise here (german): Expertise_Muench.pdf 280kb
Johannes Sauer: "Learning-Friendliness of Work – Prerequisite for Innovative Ability. HighTech Requires High Competence."
The road to knowledge society is marked by continuous learning and re-learning. Here, Change of Work and Change of (Re-)Learning resp. of the appreciation of (Re-)Learning are the two sides of a coin. This expertise substantiates in detail why the transition to knowledge society necessitates expanding the existing structures of further education into new learning cultures and performing new tasks in designing Learning. Based on this, the expertise deduces the imperative that a High Competence Initiative on the part of Politics, i.e. the Federal Government and the individual Federal States, be developed in order to strengthen innovative and competitive ability. Finally, the expertise makes detailed suggestions for basic structures of such a High Competence Initiative.
You can download the complete expertise here (german): Expertise_Sauer.pdf 270kb
Prof. Dr. Daniel Bieber: "Does the 'Internet of Things' have Consequences on the Development of the Working Enviroment?"
The “Internet of Things” will doubtless change the world of work. The question remains: How and in how much time? Although there is a plethora of literature on the technological design of this new system technology, the working environment has more or less been ignored.
The article first discusses classical interpretation patterns on the relationship between technological and social developments. It then describes the basic steps of the development toward an “Internet of Things” and subsequently substantiates the thesis of trend intensification (as opposed to the thesis of technology-caused structural interruptions). After that it sketches the effects on the working environment resp. what reciprocal effects are to be expected. The concluding résumé gives a rough sketch of research questions that might be worthwhile to pursue.
You can download the complete expertise here (german): Expertise Bieber.pdf (459 KB)